Minggu, 29 Mei 2011

What is Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a malignancy that occurs in the cervix. Cervical cancer is also called cervical cancer or cervical cancer begins in the lining of the cervix. 

Cervical cancer is formed very slowly. First, some changes from normal cells into cells pre-cancerous and then into cancer cells. This can happen for many years, but sometimes it happens faster. These changes are often called dysplasia. They can be found with Pap smear tests and can be treated to prevent cancer. 

To understand cervical cancer, it helps us understand the anatomy of a woman's uterus in advance. 

Rahim female anatomy

Neck of the womb (cervix) is the bottom of the uterus (womb). Rahim has 2 parts. The upper part, called the body of the uterus, is where the baby grows. The cervix, at the bottom, connecting the body uterus to the vagina, also called the birth canal. 

Image of female reproductive organs:

There are 2 main types of cervical cancer. Approximately 8-9 out of 10 species present is squamous cell carcinoma. Under the microscope, this type of cancer formed by cells such as squamous cells that cover the surface of the cervix. Most of the remainder are adenocarcinoma. Cancer begins in cells that make mucus glands. Rarely, cervical cancer have both kinds of features above and is called mixed carcinoma.Other species (such as melanomas, sarcomas, and lymphomas), which most often occurs in other parts of the body. If you have cervical cancer, ask your doctor to explain what type of cancer you have. 

How many women get cervical cancer?

The number of women with cervical cancer prevalence in Indonesia is quite large. Every day, found 40-45 new cases with the number of deaths reaches 20-25 people. While the number of women at risk of the virus reaching 48 million people. Doctor Laila Nuranna SpOG (K), Head of Oncology Division of Obstetrics Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, said that most cases of cervical cancer were detected in hospitals has been so difficult to treat advanced stage. "If the cancer is found early, the handling will be easier and greater life expectancy," he said during a discussion Effort Campaign and Cervical Cancer Treatment at the Hotel Lumire Jakarta, Monday, April 12, 2010. 

Some researchers think that non-invasive cervical cancer (which only occurs in the cervix when found) is about 4 times more common than invasive cervical cancers. When found and treated early, cervical cancer often can be cured. 

Cervical cancer tends to occur in middle-aged women. Most cases are found in women who are under 50 years. It rarely occurs in young women (aged 20 years). Many women do not know that when you get old, they are still at risk for cervical cancer. That is why it is important for older women to continue to undergo regular Pap smear tests 

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